The island of Sumatra is the largest producer of Indonesian coffee. Farmers grow Arabica coffee in the highlands in Aceh and northern Sumatra, while Robusta coffee is produced in the lowlands in the province of Lampung. Production is under threat due to soil degradation, itself is strongly linked to deforestation on the island, which has lost almost half of its tropical rainforest over the last 35 years. As coffee is the main source of income for the majority of smallholders, it is important that action is taken to protect farmland and guarantee optimal conditions to grow coffee. The Kopi Lestari project to plant trees in and among coffee plantations will protect the soil while helping farmers achieve the best conditions to grow coffee.
Between 1976 and 2005, a long civil war raged in the Aceh province in which the Indonesian government clashed with rebels from the “Free Aceh” movement. It was a difficult time for the local population, preventing socio-economic development in the region. Founded in 2002, the KBQ Baburrayyan cooperative has 600 members and has helped create access to a stable coffee market following the civil war.
In 2006, the members of the cooperative received their first organic premium and KBQ Baburrayyan began to grow dramatically, and now has over 5,500 members.
In October 2007, the cooperative was certified Fairtrade, which enabled them to buy the coffee processing factory they were previously renting in Takengon, creating jobs for its members becoming one of the largest coffee factories in the region.
In Lampung and northern Sumatra, the Kopi Lestari project supports several groups of coffee farmers. Combining fruit and coffee trees, following the agroforestry model, ensures sustainable development for farmers and their families, optimizes farmland, slows down soil erosion, improves the quality of the coffee over the long term and increases and diversifies farmers’ revenues.
The island of Sumatra is the largest producer of coffee in Indonesia. Arabica coffee is grown in the highlands, while Robusta coffee is produced in the lowlands to the south of the island. Production is under threat due to soil degradation, which itself is strongly linked to deforestation on the island. With support from AccorHotels, the Kopi Lestari agroforestry project aims to help local coffee growers plant fruit trees in and among their coffee plantations in order to regenerate the soil, slow erosion, encourage greater biodiversity, improve both coffee quality and yields in the long term, and increase and diversify farmers’ revenues.